Asthma Management

Comprehensive Asthma Management

Understanding Triggers and Treatment Approaches Supported by Scientific Evidence.

Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition affecting an estimated 25 million Americans, as indicated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)[1]. Characterized by symptoms like coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath, the condition requires ongoing management, often necessitating collaboration between patients and healthcare providers. Various factors can trigger asthma symptoms, including allergens, infections, and even emotional stress. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI)[2] identifies allergic rhinitis or “hay fever” as a significant risk factor, with up to 78% of people with asthma also experiencing symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

Environmental irritants such as air pollutants can also exacerbate asthma symptoms, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)[3]. Furthermore, viral infections often serve as triggers, especially in young children. This is supported by a study published in the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal[4]. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition where stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, is found in up to 89% of asthma patients according to a study in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine[5]. Additionally, up to 19% of adult patients with asthma may experience sensitivity to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as found in a study published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology[6].

Effective asthma management aligns with the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program’s Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management of Asthma[7]. The four key components of treatment include objective measures like spirometry, environmental control, medication therapy, and patient education.

By adopting these comprehensive management approaches and being aware of triggers, individuals with asthma can work towards leading a life with fewer symptoms, fewer emergency room visits, and more normal activity levels.


  1. CDC – Asthma Statistics
  2. AAAAI – Allergic Rhinitis
  3. EPA – Asthma Triggers
  4. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal – Asthma and Viral Infections
  5. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine – GERD and Asthma
  6. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology – Aspirin Sensitivity
  7. National Asthma Education and Prevention Program